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What are the common complications of FUT hair transplant surgery?

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What Are the Common Complications of FUT Hair Transplant Surgery?

Summary Answer

Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) can result in complications such as scarring, infection, numbness, bleeding, and unnatural hair growth patterns. While these complications are generally rare and often manageable, it is important to be aware of them before undergoing the procedure.

Expanded Information


FUT involves removing a strip of scalp from the donor area, which can lead to a linear scar. This scar may be noticeable, especially if the hair is worn short. The severity of scarring can vary based on individual healing and the surgeon’s skill.


As with any surgical procedure, there is a risk of infection at the incision sites. Proper post-operative care and hygiene are essential to minimize this risk. Surgeons typically prescribe antibiotics to help prevent infections.


Patients may experience numbness or reduced sensation around the donor and recipient sites. This is usually temporary and resolves within a few weeks to months as the nerves heal. In rare cases, numbness can persist longer.


Some bleeding is expected immediately after the surgery. However, excessive bleeding is a rare complication. Applying gentle pressure and following post-operative instructions can help manage and prevent significant bleeding.

Unnatural Hair Growth Patterns

If the hair follicles are not implanted at the correct angle or density, the result can be an unnatural appearance. Choosing a skilled and experienced surgeon is crucial to ensure a natural-looking outcome.

Shock Loss

Shock loss refers to the temporary shedding of existing hair in the donor or recipient areas after the transplant. This hair typically regrows within a few months. It can be alarming but is usually a temporary phase of the healing process.

Itching and Swelling

Itching and swelling are common post-operative symptoms. Keeping the scalp clean and using prescribed medications can help alleviate these symptoms. Avoid scratching the scalp to prevent irritation and infection.

Keloid Formation

In rare cases, patients may develop keloids, which are raised scars that extend beyond the original wound. Individuals with a history of keloids should discuss this risk with their surgeon before undergoing FUT.


While FUT hair transplant surgery is generally safe and effective, it can have potential complications such as scarring, infection, numbness, bleeding, unnatural hair growth patterns, shock loss, itching, swelling, and keloid formation. Understanding these risks and choosing a skilled surgeon can help minimize complications and achieve the best possible outcome.

For more information on hair restoration techniques, visit our articles on FUE Surgery and FUT Surgery.

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